Big Data Support

Big data support is highly experimental. Eventually this content will move to the Installation Guide.

Various components need to be installed and/or configured for big data support.

S3 Direct Upload and Download

A lightweight option for supporting file sizes beyond a few gigabytes - a size that can cause performance issues when uploaded through a Dataverse installation itself - is to configure an S3 store to provide direct upload and download via ‘pre-signed URLs’. When these options are configured, file uploads and downloads are made directly to and from a configured S3 store using secure (https) connections that enforce a Dataverse installation’s access controls. (The upload and download URLs are signed with a unique key that only allows access for a short time period and a Dataverse installation will only generate such a URL if the user has permission to upload/download the specific file in question.)

This option can handle files >40GB and could be appropriate for files up to a TB. Other options can scale farther, but this option has the advantages that it is simple to configure and does not require any user training - uploads and downloads are done via the same interface as normal uploads to a Dataverse installation.

To configure these options, an administrator must set two JVM options for the Dataverse installation using the same process as for other configuration options:

./asadmin create-jvm-options "-Ddataverse.files.<id>.download-redirect=true"

./asadmin create-jvm-options "-Ddataverse.files.<id>.upload-redirect=true"

With multiple stores configured, it is possible to configure one S3 store with direct upload and/or download to support large files (in general or for specific Dataverse collections) while configuring only direct download, or no direct access for another store.

The direct upload option now switches between uploading the file in one piece (up to 1 GB by default) and sending it as multiple parts. The default can be changed by setting:

./asadmin create-jvm-options "-Ddataverse.files.<id>.min-part-size=<size in bytes>"

For AWS, the minimum allowed part size is 5*1024*1024 bytes and the maximum is 5 GB (5*1024**3). Other providers may set different limits.

It is also possible to set file upload size limits per store. See the :MaxFileUploadSizeInBytes setting described in the Configuration guide.

At present, one potential drawback for direct-upload is that files are only partially ‘ingested’, tabular and FITS files are processed, but zip files are not unzipped, and the file contents are not inspected to evaluate their mimetype. This could be appropriate for large files, or it may be useful to completely turn off ingest processing for performance reasons (ingest processing requires a copy of the file to be retrieved by the Dataverse installation from the S3 store). A store using direct upload can be configured to disable all ingest processing for files above a given size limit:

./asadmin create-jvm-options "-Ddataverse.files.<id>.ingestsizelimit=<size in bytes>"

IMPORTANT: One additional step that is required to enable direct uploads via a Dataverse installation and for direct download to work with previewers is to allow cross site (CORS) requests on your S3 store. The example below shows how to enable CORS rules (to support upload and download) on a bucket using the AWS CLI command line tool. Note that you may want to limit the AllowedOrigins and/or AllowedHeaders further. has some additional information about doing this.

aws s3api put-bucket-cors --bucket <BUCKET_NAME> --cors-configuration file://cors.json

with the contents of the file cors.json as follows:

  "CORSRules": [
        "AllowedOrigins": ["*"],
        "AllowedHeaders": ["*"],
        "AllowedMethods": ["PUT", "GET"],
        "ExposeHeaders": ["ETag"]

Alternatively, you can enable CORS using the AWS S3 web interface, using json-encoded rules as in the example above.

Since the direct upload mechanism creates the final file rather than an intermediate temporary file, user actions, such as neither saving or canceling an upload session before closing the browser page, can leave an abandoned file in the store. The direct upload mechanism attempts to use S3 Tags to aid in identifying/removing such files. Upon upload, files are given a “dv-status”:”temp” tag which is removed when the dataset changes are saved and the new file(s) are added in the Dataverse installation. Note that not all S3 implementations support Tags: Minio does not. WIth such stores, direct upload works, but Tags are not used.

Data Capture Module (DCM)

Data Capture Module (DCM) is an experimental component that allows users to upload large datasets via rsync over ssh.

DCM was developed and tested using Glassfish but these docs have been updated with references to Payara.

Install a DCM

Installation instructions can be found at Note that shared storage (posix or AWS S3) between your Dataverse installation and your DCM is required. You cannot use a DCM with Swift at this point in time.

Once you have installed a DCM, you will need to configure two database settings on the Dataverse installation side. These settings are documented in the Configuration section of the Installation Guide:

  • :DataCaptureModuleUrl should be set to the URL of a DCM you installed.

  • :UploadMethods should include dcm/rsync+ssh.

This will allow your Dataverse installation to communicate with your DCM, so that your Dataverse installation can download rsync scripts for your users.

Downloading rsync scripts via Your Dataverse Installation’s API

The rsync script can be downloaded from your Dataverse installation via API using an authorized API token. In the curl example below, substitute $PERSISTENT_ID with a DOI or Handle:

curl -H "X-Dataverse-key: $API_TOKEN" $DV_BASE_URL/api/datasets/:persistentId/dataCaptureModule/rsync?persistentId=$PERSISTENT_ID

How a DCM reports checksum success or failure to your Dataverse Installation

Once the user uploads files to a DCM, that DCM will perform checksum validation and report to your Dataverse installation the results of that validation. The DCM must be configured to pass the API token of a superuser. The implementation details, which are subject to change, are below.

The JSON that a DCM sends to your Dataverse installation on successful checksum validation looks something like the contents of checksumValidationSuccess.json below:

  "status": "validation passed",
  "uploadFolder": "OS7O8Y",
  "totalSize": 72
  • status - The valid strings to send are validation passed and validation failed.

  • uploadFolder - This is the directory on disk where your Dataverse installation should attempt to find the files that a DCM has moved into place. There should always be a files.sha file and a least one data file. files.sha is a manifest of all the data files and their checksums. The uploadFolder directory is inside the directory where data is stored for the dataset and may have the same name as the “identifier” of the persistent id (DOI or Handle). For example, you would send "uploadFolder": "DNXV2H" in the JSON file when the absolute path to this directory is /usr/local/payara5/glassfish/domains/domain1/files/10.5072/FK2/DNXV2H/DNXV2H.

  • totalSize - Your Dataverse installation will use this value to represent the total size in bytes of all the files in the “package” that’s created. If 360 data files and one files.sha manifest file are in the uploadFolder, this value is the sum of the 360 data files.

Here’s the syntax for sending the JSON.

curl -H "X-Dataverse-key: $API_TOKEN" -X POST -H 'Content-type: application/json' --upload-file checksumValidationSuccess.json $DV_BASE_URL/api/datasets/:persistentId/dataCaptureModule/checksumValidation?persistentId=$PERSISTENT_ID

Steps to set up a DCM mock for Development

See instructions at

Add Dataverse Installation settings to use mock (same as using DCM, noted above):

  • curl http://localhost:8080/api/admin/settings/:DataCaptureModuleUrl -X PUT -d "http://localhost:5000"

  • curl http://localhost:8080/api/admin/settings/:UploadMethods -X PUT -d "dcm/rsync+ssh"

At this point you should be able to download a placeholder rsync script. Your Dataverse installation is then waiting for news from the DCM about if checksum validation has succeeded or not. First, you have to put files in place, which is usually the job of the DCM. You should substitute “X1METO” for the “identifier” of the dataset you create. You must also use the proper path for where you store files in your dev environment.

  • mkdir /usr/local/payara5/glassfish/domains/domain1/files/10.5072/FK2/X1METO

  • mkdir /usr/local/payara5/glassfish/domains/domain1/files/10.5072/FK2/X1METO/X1METO

  • cd /usr/local/payara5/glassfish/domains/domain1/files/10.5072/FK2/X1METO/X1METO

  • echo "hello" > file1.txt

  • shasum file1.txt > files.sha

Now the files are in place and you need to send JSON to your Dataverse installation with a success or failure message as described above. Make a copy of doc/sphinx-guides/source/_static/installation/files/root/big-data-support/checksumValidationSuccess.json and put the identifier in place such as “X1METO” under “uploadFolder”). Then use curl as described above to send the JSON.


The following low level command should only be used when troubleshooting the “import” code a DCM uses but is documented here for completeness.

curl -H "X-Dataverse-key: $API_TOKEN" -X POST "$DV_BASE_URL/api/batch/jobs/import/datasets/files/$DATASET_DB_ID?uploadFolder=$UPLOAD_FOLDER&totalSize=$TOTAL_SIZE"

Steps to set up a DCM via Docker for Development

If you need a fully operating DCM client for development purposes, these steps will guide you to setting one up. This includes steps to set up the DCM on S3 variant.

Optional steps for setting up the S3 Docker DCM Variant

  • Before: the default bucket for DCM to hold files in S3 is named test-dcm. It is coded into post_upload_s3.bash (line 30). Change to a different bucket if needed.

  • Also Note: With the new support for multiple file store in the Dataverse Software, DCM requires a store with id=”s3” and DCM will only work with this store.

    • Add AWS bucket info to dcmsrv - Add AWS credentials to ~/.aws/credentials

      • [default]

      • aws_access_key_id =

      • aws_secret_access_key =

  • Dataverse installation configuration (on dvsrv):

    • Set S3 as the storage driver

      • cd /opt/payara5/bin/

      • ./asadmin delete-jvm-options "\"

      • ./asadmin create-jvm-options "\"

      • ./asadmin create-jvm-options "\-Ddataverse.files.s3.type=s3"

      • ./asadmin create-jvm-options "\-Ddataverse.files.s3.label=s3"

    • Add AWS bucket info to your Dataverse installation - Add AWS credentials to ~/.aws/credentials

      • [default]

      • aws_access_key_id =

      • aws_secret_access_key =

      • Also: set region in ~/.aws/config to create a region file. Add these contents:

        • [default]

        • region = us-east-1

    • Add the S3 bucket names to your Dataverse installation

      • S3 bucket for your Dataverse installation

        • /usr/local/payara5/glassfish/bin/asadmin create-jvm-options "-Ddataverse.files.s3.bucket-name=iqsstestdcmbucket"

      • S3 bucket for DCM (as your Dataverse installation needs to do the copy over)

        • /usr/local/payara5/glassfish/bin/asadmin create-jvm-options "-Ddataverse.files.dcm-s3-bucket-name=test-dcm"

    • Set download method to be HTTP, as DCM downloads through S3 are over this protocol curl -X PUT "http://localhost:8080/api/admin/settings/:DownloadMethods" -d "native/http"

Using the DCM Docker Containers

For using these commands, you will need to connect to the shell prompt inside various containers (e.g. docker exec -it dvsrv /bin/bash)

  • Create a dataset and download rsync upload script

    • connect to client container: docker exec -it dcm_client bash

    • create dataset: cd /mnt ; ./create.bash ; this will echo the database ID to stdout

    • download transfer script: ./get_transfer.bash $database_id_from_create_script

    • execute the transfer script: bash ./upload-${database_id_from-create_script}.bash , and follow instructions from script.

  • Run script

    • e.g. bash ./upload-3.bash (3 being the database id from earlier commands in this example).

  • Manually run post upload script on dcmsrv

    • for posix implementation: docker exec -it dcmsrv /opt/dcm/scn/post_upload.bash

    • for S3 implementation: docker exec -it dcmsrv /opt/dcm/scn/post_upload_s3.bash

Additional DCM docker development tips

  • You can completely blow away all the docker images with these commands (including non DCM ones!) - docker-compose -f docmer-compose.yml down -v

  • There are a few logs to tail

    • dvsrv : tail -n 2000 -f /opt/payara5/glassfish/domains/domain1/logs/server.log

    • dcmsrv : tail -n 2000 -f /var/log/lighttpd/breakage.log

    • dcmsrv : tail -n 2000 -f /var/log/lighttpd/access.log

  • You may have to restart the app server domain occasionally to deal with memory filling up. If deployment is getting reallllllly slow, its a good time.

Repository Storage Abstraction Layer (RSAL)

Steps to set up a DCM via Docker for Development


Using the RSAL Docker Containers

  • Create a dataset (either with the procedure mentioned in DCM Docker Containers, or another process)

  • Publish the dataset (from the client container): cd /mnt; ./publish_major.bash ${database_id}

  • Run the RSAL component of the workflow (from the host): docker exec -it rsalsrv /opt/rsal/scn/

  • If desired, from the client container you can download the dataset following the instructions in the dataset access section of the dataset page.

Configuring the RSAL Mock

Info for configuring the RSAL Mock:

Also, to configure your Dataverse installation to use the new workflow you must do the following (see also the Workflows section):

  1. Configure the RSAL URL:

curl -X PUT -d 'http://<myipaddr>:5050' http://localhost:8080/api/admin/settings/:RepositoryStorageAbstractionLayerUrl

  1. Update workflow json with correct URL information:

Edit internal-httpSR-workflow.json and replace url and rollbackUrl to be the url of your RSAL mock.

  1. Create the workflow:

curl http://localhost:8080/api/admin/workflows -X POST --data-binary @internal-httpSR-workflow.json -H "Content-type: application/json"

  1. List available workflows:

curl http://localhost:8080/api/admin/workflows

  1. Set the workflow (id) as the default workflow for the appropriate trigger:

curl http://localhost:8080/api/admin/workflows/default/PrePublishDataset -X PUT -d 2

  1. Check that the trigger has the appropriate default workflow set:

curl http://localhost:8080/api/admin/workflows/default/PrePublishDataset

  1. Add RSAL to whitelist

  2. When finished testing, unset the workflow:

curl -X DELETE http://localhost:8080/api/admin/workflows/default/PrePublishDataset

Configuring download via rsync

In order to see the rsync URLs, you must run this command:

curl -X PUT -d 'rsal/rsync' http://localhost:8080/api/admin/settings/:DownloadMethods

To specify replication sites that appear in rsync URLs:

Download add-storage-site.json and adjust it to meet your needs. The file should look something like this:

  "hostname": "",
  "name": "LibraScholar, USA",
  "primaryStorage": true,
  "transferProtocols": "rsync,posix,globus"

Then add the storage site using curl:

curl -H "Content-type:application/json" -X POST http://localhost:8080/api/admin/storageSites --upload-file add-storage-site.json

You make a storage site the primary site by passing “true”. Pass “false” to make it not the primary site. (id “1” in the example):

curl -X PUT -d true http://localhost:8080/api/admin/storageSites/1/primaryStorage

You can delete a storage site like this (id “1” in the example):

curl -X DELETE http://localhost:8080/api/admin/storageSites/1

You can view a single storage site like this: (id “1” in the example):

curl http://localhost:8080/api/admin/storageSites/1

You can view all storage site like this:

curl http://localhost:8080/api/admin/storageSites

In the GUI, this is called “Local Access”. It’s where you can compute on files on your cluster.

curl http://localhost:8080/api/admin/settings/:LocalDataAccessPath -X PUT -d "/programs/datagrid"